Republican Undercard Debate #2: Television Coverage
The GDELT Project and the Internet Archive are partnering together to help better understand which soundbites and speakers are dominating the political discourse on television. In particular, we are working to translate the social media concepts of "memes" and "going viral" to the television world. Using the Internet Archive's Television News Archive, which monitors major American and international television stations in realtime, along with an archive of more than 735,000 television shows since 2009, we scan all monitored television programming for audio fingerprints of each soundbite of selected major political speeches and identify all excerpts of those soundbites across television news shows in the following days. The tool we use, audfprint, developed by the Laboratory for the Recognition and Organization of Speech and Audio at Columbia University, scans the audio track of each show, so it is not dependent on closed captioning, which is extremely noisy and entirely absent from many foreign language broadcasts. The tool is extremely sensitive, able to detect brief excerpts even when they are overdubbed by a commentator and/or other sound effects.
Today we are excited to unveil our latest application: the Republican Presidential Undercard Debate, held at 6PM EST on September 16, 2015 in the Ronald Reagan Library in Simi Valley. The entire transcript of the debate was hand-segmented into soundbites and all television news programming monitored by the Internet Archive for 24 hours following the debate were scanned for any excerpt of those soundbites, which are displayed below. Browse the entire transcript below and click on any passage to see how many times and where it was excerpted, and click on the video icon to the left of each passage or the list of shows mentioning the excerpt in the bottom right to view a brief video clip of the soundbite. These numbers only reflect those television shows monitored by the Internet Archive, representing only a small set of television stations in the United States. Thus, these numbers are far from exhaustive in terms of measuring the total reach of the debate, but offers a powerful glimpse into which pieces of the speech resonated and where.
What you are seeing here is a first glimpse of a whole new way of exploring television, using enormously powerful computer algorithms as a new lens through which to explore the Internet Archive's massive archive of television news to create for the first time a way of tracking what's "going viral" on television. Quite literally this project took an hour-long political speech, broke it into soundbites, and scanned two weeks of national television news programming for any excerpt of any of those soundbites. Imagine the future possibilities for tracking how soundbites move between social and mainstream media, and the future ability to apply these techniques to explore soundbites in online video!
Visualizing the Debate
The final results of this analysis are available through the interface below. By default the entire debate transcript is shown, but you can use the search box below to narrow to only soundbites containing a particular keyword or that were aired on a particular station or show. The timeline below shows how many times each soundbite was broadcast. As you scroll through the transcript, the top-most paragraph will automatically highlight in yellow and the corresponding time period will highlight in the timeline below,l while the sidebar to the right of the transcript will display key statistics about that passage, along with a list of links to view previews of every identified mention of that soundbite on a news show. The timeline allows you to zoom into any section to see it more clearly - click anywhere in the middle of the graph on the white background (not the bottom of the graph) and drag with your mouse to highlight a section of the timeline - a "reset zoom" button will appear at the top right of the timeline display to zoom back out to the original view. While zoomed in you can hold down the shift key on your keyboard and click and drag to pan the timeline forward/backwards.
By default the entire debate transcript is displayed below. You can use the options below to filter to only a subset of the debate, such as only those lines appearing on a particular television station or show, or only those lines containing a certain keyword/phrase or spoken by a particular person. Only lines matching all of your criteria below are included.
VIEW BY-STATION BREAKDOWN
(Displays a grid of piecharts, one per television network, that shows the percentage of matching soundbites on that network from each candidate.)
(SANTORUM) But hopefully, most of you know me most because Im the proud father of seven children with particularly a special little disabled girl, who is the heart and core of my heart and married to a wonderful woman named Karen for 25 years, who is the love of my life.
(JINDAL) Ill tell you what I do have, Ive got the backbone, Ive got the bandwidth, Ive got the experience to get us through these tough times, to make sure that we dont turn the American dream into the European nightmare.
(GRAHAM) Above all others on both sides of the isle, Im most qualified to be commander and chief on day one -- 33 years in the Air Force, 35 trips to Iraq and Afghanistan, I understand this war. I have a plan to win it, and I intend to win it.
(JINDAL) If he were really a conservative and 30 points ahead, I would endorse him. Hes not a conservative. Hes not a liberal. Hes not a Democrat. Hes not a Republican. Hes not an independent. He believes in Donald Trump.
(JINDAL) We have a once in a lifetime opportunity to rescue the idea of America, the choice for conservatives. Do we depend on proven conservative principles like Ronald Reagan did, or do we turn this over to a narcissist who only believes in himself...
(SANTORUM) And all we do when we go after each other -- and weve seen a bunch of it, from people up on this stage, people who are going to be on the stage afterwards, who go after and make personal attacks on people
(SANTORUM) Donald Trump has ever right to run for president as a Republican, as anybody else in this audience, and he may have positions I disagree with, but he has the right to do that and the people should be given the benefit of the doubt for people to see through these things.
(SANTORUM) The issue of immigration is one that there are huge differences in this field, and I will be out there talking about how we have to control immigration. How we have to look after the American worker.
(SANTORUM) The focus of this debate should be on how were going to win this election and help improve the quality of life for American workers, and we arent doing that, when were out there picking at each other and calling each other names.
(JINDAL) The best way for us to give this election back would be to nominate a Donald Trump. Hell implode in the general election, or if, God forbid, if he were in the White House, we have no idea what he would do.
(TAPPER) Senator Graham, you have called Donald Trump a, quote, wrecking ball for the Republican party. Voters in your home state of South Carolina, in a recent poll, prefer Donald Trump 30 percent to your 4 percent.
(GRAHAM) And heres what Im going to try to do tonight -- convince you that Im best qualified to be the commander-in-chief of the one percent who are doing the fighting for the rest of us. And well have a serious discussion tonight.
(GRAHAM) If Im president of the United States, were going to send more ground forces into Iraq because we have to. President Obama made a huge mistake by leaving too soon against sound military advice.
(GRAHAM) Are you willing -- Jake, please ask everybody the following question. Would you go from 3,500 to 10,000 American boots on the ground in Iraq to destroy ISIL? Because if you dont, were going to lose.
(GRAHAM) Are you willing to send American combat forces into Syria as part of a regional army, because if you dont, well never destroy ISIL in Syria. If youre not ready to these things youre not ready to be commander-in-chief.
(PATAKI) Hes not going to be the nominee, Hugh. And let me just say one word here. This is an important election with an enormous number of challenges facing the American people. And the first four questions are about Donald Trump.
(PATAKI) Look at what he did in Atlantic City. He says hes going to make America great again? He invested four casinos in Atlantic City and he said, essentially, Im going to make Atlantic City great again.
(TAPPER) Senator Graham? One of the -- the reasons why Donald Trump, Ben Carson and Carly Fiorina are doing well is because they are political outsiders. In fact, thats one of the things -- in fact, there are two things that they have in common.
(GRAHAM) Well, what I hope Republican voters, libertarian, vegetarians, Democrats, you name it, will look for somebody to lead us in a new direction, domestically, but particularly on the foreign policy front.
(GRAHAM) President Obama is making a mess of the world. What Im trying to tell you here tonight, that Syria is hell on Earth and its not going to get fixed by insulting each other. Ive been there 35 times to Iraq and Afghanistan. I am ready to be commander-in-chief on day one.
(SANTORUM) This debate should be about what -- what every other debate on every other policy issue is in America. Whats in the best interest of hardworking Americans? Whats in the best interest of our country.
(SANTORUM) Weve had to focus because the other side has set up for us, here is who we have to be concerned about on the issue of immigration, someone whos here illegally and their family, and what are we going to do about it?
(SANTORUM) Well, just because you dont call it amnesty doesnt mean that what -- what almost everybody in this field is for is allowing people who are in this country illegally, people who broke the law to come into this country, people who came here legally and overstayed, to stay in -- in America.
(SANTORUM) Again, we have 35 million -- we have the highest percentage of -- of -- of immigrants in this country, as far as numbers ever, as far as percentage, the -- the highest in 105 years. Wages are flatlining.
(SANTORUM) If you look at, from the year 2000 to the year 2014, therere 5.7 million net new jobs created. What percentage of those jobs are held by people who werent born here? The answer is all of them.
(JINDAL) Dana, thats not right. What Ive said consistently is secure the border. Ive said after that is done, the American people will deal with the folks that are here pragmatically and compassionately
(JINDAL) Secure the border. We dont need to do that as a comprehensive ? Ive also said we need to put an end to sanctuary cities. Its not enough to defund them; I think we need to criminalize, accuse and jail those mayors and councilman as accessories...
(TAPPER) Governor Pataki, Republicans right now are -- are debating birthright citizenship, the policy of granting U.S. citizenship to every baby born in this country, even if they born to undocumented immigrants.
(PATAKI) Step two is, we have to stop releasing criminals into the communities. If you are charged with a crime as an illegal alien, you should either be in jail or be deported. You should not released, as the Obama administration has done. Of course, we should outlaw sanctuary cities and hold them responsible.
(PATAKI) But we cant ignore 11 million people who are here. What are we going to do? Were not going to send them back, despite somebody saying were going to drag kids out of classrooms and send them back.
(PATAKI) So what I would do is require those who want to have legal status, not citizenship, come forward, acknowledge they broke the law, and if they do it again, they can be immediately deported, and then do what we do in communities across America when we want to sanction someone...
(TAPPER & PATAKI ) TAPPER: Thank you, Governor. PATAKI: ... and that is community service -- 200 hours working in a hospital... TAPPER: Governor... PATAKI: ... working in a school, and then they could have legal...
(PATAKI) The way to avoid that is to have an intelligent immigration policy where we know who is coming here, why they are coming here, so we dont have this flood of people coming here for the wrong reasons.
(GRAHAM) There are people buying tourist visas that go to resorts with maternity wards with the expressed purpose of having a children here in America. There are rich Asians, there are rich people up in the Mid-East...
(GRAHAM& TAPPER & SANTORUM ) TAPPER: ...Thank you Senator... GRAHAM: ...Yeah, Id like to stop that in the future... TAPPER(?): Governor Pataki, Id just want to... SANTORUM: ...Hold on, hold on, hold on...
(SANTORUM) ...that I did have a plan back in 2006. I introduced a plan called, A Comprehensive Border Security Bill, which did, in fact, put the resources to build the fencing, and deploy the troops, and the technology necessary which...
(SANTORUM) ...As you know, 40 to 60 percent of the 11 million are here on visa overstays. We know exactly who they are, we should know where they are, but we have a government that doesnt tell them to return home. You can solve half of the problem of the 11 million...
(SANTORUM) ...The folks -- the folks who are -- hurt the worst are recent immigrants. By illegal immigrants coming to this country last year alone, 700,000 illegal immigrants came into this country. Who do you think are most impacted?
(SANTORUM) Its the folks who came into this country, played by the rules, did what they were supposed to do. Came here, and went to work, and now theyre finding themselves out of work because someone illegally is willing to come in and work for less...
(BASH) Thank you. Senator Graham, you mentioned this earlier; you are calling for an additional 20,000 U.S. ground forces to fight ISIS in Iraq and Syria and you have said -- again, just this evening -- that anyone whos not willing to do that should not be commander in chief.
(GRAHAM) So were going to need a regional army, the turks, the Jordanians, the Saudis, the Egyptians get their armies up together and 90 percent of it will be them. Theyre going to pay for this war because we paid for the last two.
(GRAHAM) But 10 percent at least will have to be us and were going in on the ground and were going to pull the caliphate up by its roots and were going to kill every one of these bastards we can find because, if we dont, they are coming here.
(SANTORUM) Ive said -- Ive said 10,000 and, if more is necessary, look, the answer is this, once ISIS established a caliphate, the game changed because once you establish a caliphate, you have an area of control, you have to take ground from that caliphate, because if you dont, then, in the Islamic world, its seen as a legitimate caliphate.
(SANTORUM) As long as they have territorial integrity, and even expand it, they have legitimacy and much of the Muslim world to call people to join their jihad here in America as well as in Iraq and in Syria. So we must take their ground.
(JINDAL) Look, absolutely. We need to do whatever is necessary to hunt down and kill these radical Islamic terrorists but this president has helped -- his policies have helped to contribute to this problem
(JINDAL) He went to the Pentagon the same week they announced they were cutting back the number of troops in the Army to say that were not going to win this through guns, its going to be a change of hearts and minds.
(PATAKI) We have got to destroy ISISs ability to attack us here. But its not 10,000 troops. Its not 20,000 troops. In my view, its three things. First, we have to directly arm those fighting ISIS on the ground now. The Kurds...
(TAPPER) Governor Jindal, I do want to bring you in. I want to turn to a story in news in the story today. A 14-year-old Muslim high school student in Texas was arrested on Monday for bringing a homemade clock to school after it was mistaken for a fake bomb.
(JINDAL) Secondly, they have to explicitly embrace the same freedoms for everybody else they want for themselves. Look, I know its politically incorrect to say this, the president says Fort Hood was an issue of workplace violence.
(JINDAL) We are at war with radical Islam. Our president loves to apologize for America, he goes to the National Prayer Breakfast, brings up the Crusades, criticizes Christians. Were at war today with radical Islamic extremists.
(JINDAL) Sure, I dont think a 14-year-old should ever get arrested for bringing a clock to school. So, if youre asking me Im glad he wasnt -- he was released. Im glad that police are careful. Im glad they are worried about security and safety issues.
(JINDAL) Look, in America we dont tolerate them. The biggest discrimination is going on against Christian business owners and individuals who believe in traditional forms of marriage. They are throwing this woman in jail in Kentucky.
(JINDAL) Lets talk about that. Lets talk about the Christian florist, the caterer, the musician, who simply want to say, dont arrest us for having -- or dont discriminate against us, dont shut down our businesses, dont fine us thousands of dollars for believing marriage is between a man and a woman. Let?s talk about not discriminating against Christians.
(PATAKI) But on the other hand, we have run rule in America, an elected official cant say Im not going to follow that law if it conflicts with my beliefs. I think she should have been fired and if she worked for me, I would have fired her. We have to uphold the rule of law.
(PATAKI) Imagine one minute -- Jake, imagine one minute that was a Muslim who said I dont believe in gay marriage, and refused to perform that wedding. We wouldnt have had that outrage. Theres a place where religion supersedes the rule of law. Its called Iran. It shouldnt be the United States.
(TAPPER) Well get to that subject in the next block. Were going to take a very quick break. When we come back, both Jeb Bush and Donald Trump agree on one thing when it comes to taxes. Well see if any of the candidates on stage agree as well. Thats next. Stay with us.
(SANTORUM) That is a huge difference in 16 years. People have a fundamental right in the First Amendment. Theres no more important right. It is the right that is the trunk that all other rights come from, and thats the freedom of conscience.
(SANTORUM) And when we say in America that we have no room -- how many bakers, how many florists, how many pastors, how many clerks are we going to throw in jail because they stand up and say, I cannot violate what my faith says is against its teachings? Is there not room in America? I believe there has to be room.
(SANTORUM) First, I believe we have to pass the First Amendment Defense Act, which provides that room for government officials and others who do not want to be complicit in what they believe is against their faith.
(SANTORUM) Second, we need as a president whos going to fight a court that is abusive, that has superseded their authority. Judicial supremacy is not in the Constitution, and we need a president and a Congress to stand up to a court when it exceeds its constitutional authority.
(PATAKI) The -- the elected representatives of the people always have the opportunity to change that law. The Supreme Court makes a determination, but its ultimately the elected officials who decide whether or not that would be accepted.
(PATAKI) By the way, if I have a chance to lead this country, I will appoint judges who understand their role. Theyre not going to be making the law; theyre going to be interpreting law that the elected officials passed.
(PATAKI) But theres a huge difference between an individual standing up and saying I am going to stand for my religious freedom and my religious rights. I applaud that. This is America. You should be able to engage in your religious belief in the way you see fit.
(PATAKI) But when you are an elected official and you take an oath of office to uphold the law, all the laws, you cannot pick and choose or you no longer have a society that depends on the rule of law.
(SANTORUM) Martin Luther King wrote a letter from the Birmingham jail. And he said in that letter that there are just laws and there are unjust laws. And we have no obligation to -- to condone and accept unjust laws.
(SANTORUM & UNIDENTIFIED MALE ) SANTORUM: I would argue that what the Supreme Court did is against the natural law, its against Gods law and we have every obligation to stand in opposition to it.UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Jake...
(PATAKI) Yes, I -- I didnt agree with the Supreme Courts decision, but it is the law of this land. And I am a great admirer of Martin Luther King. And he was prepared to break the law. But it wasnt in an office of political power.
(PATAKI) It was civil disobedience, where what he was willing to do is voluntarily go to jail with his followers to send a message to the elected representatives that these laws were wrong and had to be changed.
(JINDAL) Ive got a practical question. Id like the left to give us a list of jobs that Christians arent allowed to have. If were not allowed to be clerks, bakers, musicians, caterers, are we allowed to be pastors (INAUDIBLE)?
(JINDAL) Were not allowed to be elected officials. I firmly -- this is an important point. The First Amendment rights, the right to religious freedom is in the First Amendment of The Constitution. It isnt breaking the law to exercise our constitutional rights. America did not create religious liberty, religious liberty created the United States of America. It is the reason were here today.
(GRAHAM) But on the first day in law school view (ph), its called Marbury v. Madison. The group in our constitutional democracy that interprets The Constitution as to what it means is the Supreme Court.
(GRAHAM) In a 5-4 decision by the Supreme Court, they have ruled that same-sex marriage bans at the state level violate the Fourteenth Amendment to The United States Constitution equal protection clause.
(GRAHAM) I dont agree with it, but that is the law of the land. But as president, what I want make sure of is that everybody in this room, Christian, Jewish, Muslim, whatever religion that you can practice your faith without government interference, you can marry people consistent with the tenets of your faith.
(JINDAL) I think actually putting Roberts, I think putting Kennedy, I think putting -- before them, I think putting Souter on the bench was a mistake. But look, I think the -- the first responsibility starts in the White House.
(JINDAL) The reality is conservatives have not been willing to stand up for our beliefs, unlike the liberals -- look, you never worry about where the Democratic judges are going to vote, its always the conservatives. Youve never had a Democratic judge wake up and say, surprise, Ive evolved, Ive become a conservative.
(JINDAL) Ill tell you, I am going to have a litmus test. For judges, Im going to find judges that are conservative, judges that are going to be pro-life, judges that are going to follow The Constitution, judges, by the way, that are going to follow the American law, not international law.
(JINDAL) Theyre not appointed there to interpret international law, theyre there to apply The United States Constitution. Judges understand, their job is not to write law. If they want to write law, they should run for the Senate or the House.
(JINDAL) Its time for a Republican president as the next commander in chief, I will do as the Democrats have done. I will appoint bold judges that are actually consistent with my values that will be conservatives and enforce the Senate --
(GRAHAM) To the Republicans, the biggest prize on the table in 2017 is the presidency. If it is Hillary Clinton, Joe Biden or Bernie Sanders, they are going to pick people that we will disagree with all the time.
(SANTORUM) Well, contrary to what Governor Jindal said, Governor -- Justice Roberts had a long record and it was a long, good record. And so he made a bad decision on -- a couple of bad decisions on ObamaCare but hes made a lot of great decisions, too.
(SANTORUM) I fought when I was in the United States Senate. We fought, for the first time, to defeat justices and judges that Bill Clinton nominated and I fought with President Bush to defend his nominees, to push even a filibuster, breaking the filibuster.
(JINDAL) Thank you, Jake. But look, its not a minor ruling. Justice Roberts twice rewrote the law to save ObamaCare, the biggest expansion of government, creating a new entitlement when we cant afford the government weve got today, an expansion of socialism in our country.
(JINDAL) Its not that he got a minor ruling wrong. This is twice he rewrote the law. Now, look, I have a lot of respect for these senators that have big bladders. They give great speeches in the Senate. And I respect that.
(JINDAL) Its not 99-1. The one that he got wrong was a big one. Twice he bent over backwards to save ObamaCare. If the Republicans had voted the way that we should -- they should have, we would still have our 19th Amendment rights and ObamaCare would not be the law of the land.
(HEWITT) Governor Jindal, Senator Graham just said its all about winning and, in fact, if former Secretary of State Clinton is the successor to President Obama, none of this matters and all this conversation is beside the point.
(HEWITT) In the Washington elite, they have a habit of saying nice things about each other until election time. Senator Graham has praised Secretary of State Clinton as a great choice to be the secretary of state, as a national treasure.
(JINDAL) One of the things I do agree -- and I want to thank Donald Trump after Ive criticized him for everything from being a narcissist to an egomaniac -- one of the things he was right about was to say nonsense to the D.C. establishment.
(JINDAL) Lets pay them a per diem instead of a six-figure salary, stop them from being seven-figure lobbyists. Lets also pay them a per diem for every day they dont go to D.C. Lets keep them out of D.C., working in the real -- (CROSSTALK)
(JINDAL) -- lets make them live under the same rules and laws they apply to the rest of us. Not only shouldnt they be elected, they cant be elected. Lets fire all of them from their current positions.
(GRAHAM) George W. Bush set $40 billion aside and Rick Santorum helped him and President Bush wiped out an entire -- wiped out AIDS and malaria for an entire generation of young African children. Secretary Clinton --
(GRAHAM) Ive got a real good chance of beating her, because I dont say things bad about her all the time -- just when she deserves it. And her definition of flat broke and mine are a little bit different.
(GRAHAM) I will put the country ahead of party. Absolutely I want to work with them. At the end of the day, Hugh, Im lucky to be standing here. Im the first in my family to ever go to college. Neither one of my parents finished high school. Darlines here with me tonight. We owned a restaurant...
(GRAHAM) When my mom died, I was 21. When my dad died, when I was 22. We were wiped out financially. If it werent for Social Security survivor benefit check coming into Darline, we wouldnt have made it. I dont need a lecture from Democrats about Social Security.
(HEWITT) Jeb Bush and Donald Trump are both proposing raising taxes on hedge fund managers who pay at a lower rate. Governor Pataki, you were the governor of New York, home of Wall Street. Do you agree that hedge fund managers need to be paying a higher rate?
(PATAKI) What I would do is get rid of the 1.4 million every year in exemptions and loopholes, dramatically lower the rates. The normal American person is paying higher taxes than they should because of loopholes, and one of them is that carried interest loophole.
(PATAKI) Its not just throwing out the tax code to break the back of the special interests that control Washington. Its other reforms. I would propose a law -- right now there are over 400 former members of the House and Senate who are registered lobbyists in Washington.
(JINDAL) Two things, Jake. One, Im absolutely for all of these carve-outs and loopholes and special interests for as -- they get lobbyists. They get sweetheart deals you and I and the rest of this audience couldnt get.
(SANTORUM) Actually, Im going to be proposing a plan, I call it the 20/20 perfect vision for America as flat tax, a 20 percent flat tax on income, 20 percent flat tax on capital gains and on corporations.
(SANTORUM) We eliminate all the deductions, special interest provisions and corporations. We deal with the carried interest issue, because everybody pays the same 20 percent. So, theres no advantage as to how you take your income. That will create growth. Were going to allow expensing for corporations.
(SANTORUM) For manufacturing, again, I print -- I pledged, when I announced that I was going to run for president on the factory floor that I would make America the number one manufacturer in the world. Why? Because we need to put Americans back to work.
(SANTORUM) Hard working Americans, who are not doing well in this economy, and we start creating jobs here, and manufacturing. These people from all skill levels are going to be able to work. We put a 20 percent rate on corporations, were competitive with almost every country in the world. We allow for expensing, we have a three year phase in.
(SANTORUM) We start at zero for manufacturers, phase it up to 20. Youre going to see an enormous investment of capital, and equipment. Youre going to see people -- youre going to have problems finding folks are going to be able to work in manufacturing. Thats how many jobs were going to create.
(BASH) ...OK, times up, Senator. Governor, just to bring you back into this, you said that you would be OK with what is effectively raising taxes on hedge fund managers as part of a tax reform plan. Would you aslo be for doing away with peoples deductions for their mortgages.
(PATAKI) I would keep the home mortgage deduction, the charitable deduction, and others. And, by the way, you know, I agree with Rick on manufacturing, but my approach is different. I would pass a rate on manufacturing of 12 percent, the lowest in the developed world so we can make this America again. I know how important those jobs are.
(PATAKI) When I work -- went through college, Christmas and summer vacations, I worked in a factory. My grandparents worked in a factory. We have the opportunity now with lower energy costs, with the world labor cost getting higher, to make things in America so we dont have to worry about China. Lower the tax burden on manufacturing, improve the work skills...
(TAPPER & PATAKI ) TAPPER: ...Thank you, Governor... PATAKI: ...of Americans. Get rid of job killing regulations. If were going to... TAPPER: ...Thank you, Governor... PATAKI: ...If were going to make this America... TAPPER: ...I want to turn -- youre going to be involved in the next question...
(SANTORUM & TAPPER ) SANTORUM: ...He talked about manufacturing, and the fact is that we have a zero percent rate that faces the 20, wed have a seven percent repatriation, so money -- about two trillion dollars over seas... TAPPER: ...Thank you, Senator...
(TAPPER) Senator Santorum is the only person on the stage who has proposed increasing the federal minimum wage. How would that affect South Carolinians? Do you agree with Senator Santorum that the federal minimum wage should be increased?
(GRAHAM) If youre a waitress out there wanting more money, Im not going to increase the minimum wage, Im going to try to create an environment where somebody else will open up a restaurant across the street to hire you away at a higher rate, or theyll have to pay you more to keep you.
(GRAHAM) You got to borrow money to create jobs in this country. Banking is locked down because of Dodd-Frank. The tax code is a complete mess, but nobodys talked about the elephant in the room, which is debt. Not one more penny to the federal government until w2e come up with a plan to get out of debt.
(SANTORUM) ...The answer is Republicans dont believe in a floor wage in America. Fine, you go ahead and make that case to the American public, Im not going to. Not from a party that supported bailouts. I didnt, but this party did. MALE: (INAUDIBLE)
(SANTORUM) Not from a party that supports special interest tax provisions for a whole bunch of other businesses, and, but, when it comes to hardworking Americans who are at the bottom of the income scale, we cant provide some level of income support? What Ive proposed is not anything but the (ph) presidents (ph) proposed (ph) I believe that would be harmful to the American public, but a $.50 cents an hour increase over three years, which is what Im proposing.
(SANTORUM) To me, if youre going to talk to 90 percent of American workers -- by the way, 90 percent of American workers dont own a bar. They dont own a business. They work for a living. Theyre wage -- most of them are wage earners.
(SANTORUM) I was at a -- I was at the convention four years ago, and on the signs -- on all of the seats the night I spoke was a sign that said, We built that, because Barack Obama had talked about how businesses didnt build their own businesses.
(TAPPER) Thank you, Senator. We have to take a quick break. When we come back, confrontation or negotiation? How will these candidates attempt to handle Russian President Vladimir Putin? Thats next. (APPLAUSE)
(TAPPER) Senator Graham, you all oppose the U.S. nuclear deal with Iran. Former U.N. Ambassador John Bolton, a Republican, is pushing for a U.S. military strike against Iran, against its nuclear facilities.
(GRAHAM) And none of us are going to be able to defend this country adequately until we rebuild our military. A weak economy, a military in decline, the world on fire, does that sound familiar to you?
(GRAHAM) Michael, does that sound familiar to you? The first thing Im going to do as commander in chief on day one is call the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs and say, what do you need that you dont have?
(GRAHAM) Were cutting our military; were on track to have the smallest Army since 1940, the smallest Navy since 1915 and John Kasich says he wants to close more bases. I want to rebuild our military and I want the Iranians to know that, if I had to, I would use it.
(GRAHAM) The worst nightmare in the world is a radical Islamic regime with a weapon of mass destruction. The only reason 3,000 of us died on 9/11 is not 3 million, not 3 million is because they couldnt get the weapons to kill us. Theyre on track to get a bomb even if they dont cheat.
(GRAHAM) This deal is a nightmare for Israel. They are coming here if we dont watch it terrorism with a nuclear capability sponsored by Iran. So, yes, I would use military force to stop them. I would set this deal aside and I would get you a better deal.
(HEWITT) There are other ways, Governor, than bombing Iran. I want to quote Rick Santorum. We should send a very clear message that If you are a scientist and youre going to work on a nuclear program to develop a bomb for Iran, you are not safe.
(PATAKI) Not on the table but I think theres a lot that does work. And that is to have a strong America, a strong military and a resolve where the Iranians know that not only are we going to reject this deal on day one and reimpose sanctions but, if they move forward with the nuclear program, their safety for those facilities will be at risk.
(PATAKI) Ill tell you a couple of things Id do. Id give the Israelis bombs called MOPs, massive ordnance penetrators. Give them to Israel. Let the Iranians know were prepared to work with Israel to make sure they never have a nuclear weapon.
(PATAKI) And let me point out that Hillary Clinton, supporting this deal, she was the senator from New York on September 11th, she saw what happened at the hands of radical Islam. This is the senator who did the reset program with Russia, who allowed the Middle East to deteriorate to flames, who has lied about Benghazi and is now supporting the Iranian deal.
(PATAKI) Thats the opponent were going to have next November. We have got to win this election. Everything we say is wonderful. But we have to win and, once we win, we have to actually do what we say. I can do this.
(SANTORUM) As you know, Hugh, 12 years ago I authored the Iran Freedom Support Act, which put sanctions on the Iran nuclear program as we came within four votes of passing a very strong version of that. The four people who opposed on the floor: Joe Biden, John Kerry, Hillary Clinton and Barack Obama. And we came four votes short.
(SANTORUM) Yes, they are radical Islamists, thats true. But their particular version of it, which is an apocalyptic version, which is a death cult, they believe in bringing about the end of the -- end of the world.
(SANTORUM) Why? Because their regime preaches it. They believe in bringing about the end of times. Thats their theological goal and we are in the process of giving them a nuclear weapon to do just that.
(SANTORUM) Thats why, on day one, I would say to the Iranian government, you open up all of these facilities for inspection, you make them available to the U.N. and to the U.S., everything, we can go everywhere or else we will take out those facilities. And when people say, youre going to start a war --
(TAPPER) Senator Graham, Vladimir Putin in recent days has sent an estimated six more tanks, four helicopters and Russian ground troops into Syria to help support President Assad, an enemy of the United States. The Russian military is also buzzing American planes and Naval vessels around the world.
(TAPPER) Your front-runner, Donald Trump, says he can do details with President Putin, that the two of them will get along, quote, very well. Why would your confrontational approach work better than Mr. Trumps negotiation?
(GRAHAM) At the end of the day, if Im president of the United States, Ive told you what Im going to do. Theres nobody left in Syria to train. Were going to get a regional army who doesnt like ISIL, who wont accept Assad, because hes a puppet of Iran.
(GRAHAM) Were going in the ground, and were going to destroy the caliphate, pull it up by roots, and were going to hold the territory. This is a slap in a face from Putin to Kerry and Obama. Assad must go. If he doesnt go, this war never ends...
(TAPPER & GRAHAM) TAPPER: Thank you, Senator. GRAHAM: ... and if the war in Syria continues, it is coming here. For Gods sakes, lets get on with... TAPPER: Thank you, Senator. GRAHAM: ... with fixing the problem in Syria.
(JINDAL) The only group hes able to out-negotiate are the Senate Republicans. They never shouldve passed this bad Corker bill. Instead of a two-thirds vote to reject -- to approve the Iran deal, now it takes a two-thirds vote to reject the Iran deal.
(JINDAL) I want to ask Lindsey a question. Will the Senate Republicans -- they still have time -- are they willing to use the nuclear option, meaning get rid of the filibusters, stop Iran from becoming a nuclear power?
(JINDAL) All night tonight, weve heard Republicans say things like, Well, if the Supreme Courts ruled, theres nothing I can do about religious liberty, you know. The president did this. Theres nothing we can do about it for two more years.
(GRAHAM) Bobby, you were in the Congress, and all I can tell you, to everybody here, if you want to repeal Obamacare, get a new president. If you want to defund Planned Parenthood, elect a pro-life president, because thats the only way.
(JINDAL & GRAHAM) JINDAL: Lindsey... GRAHAM: Wait a minute. Now, you asked me a question. So I dont want to take off the table the ability to slow down Obama in his last 13 to 14 months, because I want 60 votes to stop what I think hes going to do between now and January 2017. Five Republicans deflect -- leave -- were in trouble.
(GRAHAM) So folks, the world really is the way it is. President Obama is president. The goal is to get him out of there and pick somebody who would actually do something to repeal Obamacare, who would get you a better agreement.
(GRAHAM) No, Im not going to do that. Im not going to tell you things I cant do. Im not going to tell you by shutting the government down, were going to defund Obamacare as long as hes president. All that does is hurt us. I am trying to lead this party to winning.
(JINDAL) Look, President Obama didnt give up on Obamacare when they lost the Senate election in Massachusetts. I want my side to follow the Constitution. They broke the Constitution, they broke the law, but they forced Obamacare down our throats, even when they didnt have 60 votes.
(JINDAL) If we cant defund Planned Parenthood now, if we cant stand for innocent human life after these barbaric videos, it is time to be done with the Republican Party. We defunded them in Louisiana. Lets defund them in D.C. If we cant win...
(TAPPER & JINDAL) TAPPER: (INAUDIBLE)... JINDAL: -- on that issue, there is no point for being cheaper Democrats, no point grabbing a second liberal party. It is time to get rid of the Republican Party, start over with a new one thats at least conservative.
(JINDAL) Give Harry Reid and Pelosi credit. At least they fight for what they believe in. I want senators and House members in DC to fight for what we believe in, as well. Its time to have Republican...
(GRAHAM) GRAHAM: Can I just say something? (APPLAUSE) GRAHAM: You know, Bobby, were running to be president of the United States, the most important job in the free world. With it comes a certain amount of honesty. Im tired of telling people things they want to hear that I know we cant do.
(GRAHAM) He is not going to sign a bill that would defund ObamaCare. If I am president of the United States, I wouldnt put one penny in -- in my budget for Planned Parenthood, not one penny. Im as offended by these videos as you are.
(GRAHAM) But the one thing Im not going to do going into 2016 is shut the government down and tank our ability to win. What youre saying and what Senator Cruz is saying, I am really sick of hearing, trying to get the bottom...
(TAPPER & GRAHAM) TAPPER: Thank you, Senator. GRAHAM: -- the Republican Party in a position... TAPPER: Thank you, Senator... GRAHAM: -- to win. Thats what Im trying to do. And that does matter to me (INAUDIBLE)... TAPPER: Thank you, Senator. The final question... GRAHAM: It matters a lot.
(PATAKI) Governor Pataki, lets start with you. You have all spent the last hour and a half debating each other. The other 11 candidates are on their way to the stage. What is the one thing as a candidate that you offer that no one at the next debate can offer?
(PATAKI) I think there are two things, Jake. Two things that we need as Republicans. First, we have to win the election. Youre going to hear a lot of great ideas, Im going to do this, Im going to do that. None of it matters unless you win the election.
(PATAKI) And the second is, once you win, you have to be able to govern successfully. Youve heard a lot of fighting back and forth, you didnt get this done, you didnt get that done. Thats the way Washington is today. You have to have a leader, a president, who will actually get a conservative agenda through.
(PATAKI) Im running because I have done both those things, and I did them in one of the most liberal states in America. I got elected three times in the state of New York. Twice by the largest pluralities ever for a Republican. I ran as a Republican conservative.
(PATAKI) If I get the nomination, I will be able to get broad support and win this election, and take the White House back for our party. But more importantly, once Ive won, I will put in place a sweeping conservative agenda. I did that in New York.
(PATAKI) Over $143 billion in tax cuts. More than the other 49 states combined. Taking one million people off welfare and putting them into jobs, in a state where the Democrats control the state assembly.
(TAPPER & PATAKI) TAPPER: Thank you, senator. PATAKI: 103-47. I got them to support a conservative agenda. If I get elected president, I will make things work in Washington. TAPPER: Thank you. PATAKI: For the Republican party and for the United States. (APPLAUSE)
(SANTORUM) I came to Washington in the most unlikely way. I defeated a 14-year incumbent, a 60 percent Democratic district. I went to Washington thinking I was only going to be there for one term, and so I just shook things up.
(SANTORUM) We sent the chairman of the House Ways and Means Committee to jail. We ended 40 years, 40 years of Democratic control of the Congress. And I led that fight with reforms, substantive reforms, welfare reform. I led the charge -- I wrote the bill when I was in the House. I led the charge in the United States Senate.
(SANTORUM) Partial-birth abortion -- in fact, three pro-life bills, bipartisan pro-life bills. I mentioned the Iran bill. We also passed one on Syria. Health savings accounts, as many of you know, I authored the original bill on health savings accounts, pushed that through the Congress for private sector health care reform.
(SANTORUM) An outsider who came to Washington from the tough state of Pennsylvania, and we got conservative things done. I made things happen in a town where things dont happen very much. Now, after 10 years of seeing the mess, the retreat that we see in the Republican party in Washington, D.C., its time to get someone who is an outsider.
(JINDAL) Jake, Im a doer, not a talker. Look, the idea of America is slipping away from us. If you want somebody who is going to manage the slow decline of this country, makes incremental changes, vote for somebody else.
(JINDAL) If you want to vote for somebody who understands what is at stake -- Planned Parenthood is selling baby parts across this country, and the Senate Republicans have already given up, even without a fight.
(JINDAL) We dont need to just send any Republican to the White House. We need to sent somebody who understands that its time to make big changes. Its time to take on the establishment, its time to take on the D.C. permanent governing class.
(JINDAL) If you want somebody thats going to make incremental change, vote for somebody else. Its time to get the idea of America back. At some point, were going to be held -- well be asked, what did you do when the idea of America was slipping away?
(GRAHAM) Well, number one, I will win a war that we cant afford to lose. I have a plan to destroy radical Islam because it has to be. These are religious Nazis running while President Obama has made one mistake after another and its caught up with us.
(GRAHAM) What do I have to offer thats different? I get my foreign policy from being in on the ground. Ive been to Iraq and Afghanistan in the Middle East 35 times in the last decade, trying to understand how we got in this mess.
(GRAHAM) Our leading candidate gets his foreign policy from watching television. And what I heard last night is the Cartoon Network, oh, Im big, Im strong, were going to hit them in the head. (LAUGHTER)
(GRAHAM) Thats not foreign policy. Thats a cartoon character. John Kasich, a good friend of mine, said in New Hampshire, were going to close more bases on his watch. On my watch, were going to open up more bases.
(TAPPER & GRAHAM) TAPPER: Thank you, Senator. GRAHAM: What do I offer? What do I offer? To make your families safe and our country strong again, a vision and a determination to win a war that we cannot afford to lose. TAPPER: Thank you, Senator Graham.
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