Democratic Debate #1: Television Coverage
The GDELT Project and the Internet Archive are partnering together to help better understand which soundbites and speakers are dominating the political discourse on television. In particular, we are working to translate the social media concepts of "memes" and "going viral" to the television world. Using the Internet Archive's Television News Archive, which monitors major American and international television stations in realtime, along with an archive of more than 735,000 television shows since 2009, we scan all monitored television programming for audio fingerprints of each soundbite of selected major political speeches and identify all excerpts of those soundbites across television news shows in the following days. The tool we use, audfprint, developed by the Laboratory for the Recognition and Organization of Speech and Audio at Columbia University, scans the audio track of each show, so it is not dependent on closed captioning, which is extremely noisy and entirely absent from many foreign language broadcasts. The tool is extremely sensitive, able to detect brief excerpts even when they are overdubbed by a commentator and/or other sound effects.
Today we are excited to unveil our latest application: the Democratic Presidential Prime Debate, held at 8:30PM EST on October 13, 2015 at the Wynn Las Vegas hotel in Las Vegas, Nevada. The entire transcript of the debate was hand-segmented into soundbites and all television news programming monitored by the Internet Archive for 24 hours following the debate were scanned for any excerpt of those soundbites, which are displayed below. Browse the entire transcript below and click on any passage to see how many times and where it was excerpted, and click on the video icon to the left of each passage or the list of shows mentioning the excerpt in the bottom right to view a brief video clip of the soundbite. These numbers only reflect those television shows monitored by the Internet Archive, representing only a small set of television stations in the United States. Thus, these numbers are far from exhaustive in terms of measuring the total reach of the debate, but offers a powerful glimpse into which pieces of the speech resonated and where.
What you are seeing here is a first glimpse of a whole new way of exploring television, using enormously powerful computer algorithms as a new lens through which to explore the Internet Archive's massive archive of television news to create for the first time a way of tracking what's "going viral" on television. Quite literally this project took an hour-long political speech, broke it into soundbites, and scanned two weeks of national television news programming for any excerpt of any of those soundbites. Imagine the future possibilities for tracking how soundbites move between social and mainstream media, and the future ability to apply these techniques to explore soundbites in online video!
Visualizing the Debate
The final results of this analysis are available through the interface below. By default the entire debate transcript is shown, but you can use the search box below to narrow to only soundbites containing a particular keyword or that were aired on a particular station or show. The timeline below shows how many times each soundbite was broadcast. As you scroll through the transcript, the top-most paragraph will automatically highlight in yellow and the corresponding time period will highlight in the timeline below,l while the sidebar to the right of the transcript will display key statistics about that passage, along with a list of links to view previews of every identified mention of that soundbite on a news show. The timeline allows you to zoom into any section to see it more clearly - click anywhere in the middle of the graph on the white background (not the bottom of the graph) and drag with your mouse to highlight a section of the timeline - a "reset zoom" button will appear at the top right of the timeline display to zoom back out to the original view. While zoomed in you can hold down the shift key on your keyboard and click and drag to pan the timeline forward/backwards.
By default the entire debate transcript is displayed below. You can use the options below to filter to only a subset of the debate, such as only those lines appearing on a particular television station or show, or only those lines containing a certain keyword/phrase or spoken by a particular person. Only lines matching all of your criteria below are included.
VIEW BY-STATION BREAKDOWN
(Displays a grid of piecharts, one per television network, that shows the percentage of matching soundbites on that network from each candidate.)
(CHAFEE) Im very proud that over my almost 30 years of public service, I have had no scandals. Ive always been honest. I have the courage to take the long-term view, and Ive shown good judgment. I have high ethical standards.
(WEBB) Theyre looking for a leader who understands how the system works, who has not been coopted by it, and also has a proven record of accomplishing different things. I have a record of working across the political aisle.
(WEBB) You may be sure that in a Webb administration, the highest priority will be the working people who every day go out and make this country stronger at home, and who give us the right reputation and security overseas under a common sense foreign policy. Thank you.
(SANDERS) Today in America, we have more people in jail than any other country on Earth. African-American youth unemployment is 51 percent. Hispanic youth unemployment is 36 percent. It seems to me that instead of building more jails and providing more incarceration, maybe -- just maybe -- we should be putting money into education and jobs for our kids.(APPLAUSE)
(SANDERS) What this campaign is about is whether we can mobilize our people to take back our government from a handful of billionaires and create the vibrant democracy we know we can and should have. Thank you.(APPLAUSE)
(CLINTON) At the center of my campaign is how were going to raise wages. Yes, of course, raise the minimum wage, but we have to do so much more, including finding ways so that companies share profits with the workers who helped to make them.
(CLINTON) And I will do everything I can to heal the divides -- the divides economically, because theres too much inequality; the racial divides; the continuing discrimination against the LGBT community -- so that we work together and, yes, finally, fathers will be able to say to their daughters, you, too, can grow up to be president.(APPLAUSE)
(CLINTON) Well, actually, I have been very consistent. Over the course of my entire life, I have always fought for the same values and principles, but, like most human beings -- including those of us who run for office -- I do absorb new information. I do look at whats happening in the world.
(CLINTON) You know, take the trade deal. I did say, when I was secretary of state, three years ago, that I hoped it would be the gold standard. It was just finally negotiated last week, and in looking at it, it didnt meet my standards. My standards for more new, good jobs for Americans, for raising wages for Americans.
(CLINTON) No. I think that, like most people that I know, I have a range of views, but they are rooted in my values and my experience. And I dont take a back seat to anyone when it comes to progressive experience and progressive commitment.
(CLINTON) Im a progressive. But Im a progressive who likes to get things done. And I know...(APPLAUSE)...how to find common ground, and I know how to stand my ground, and I have proved that in every position that Ive had, even dealing with Republicans who never had a good word to say about me, honestly.
(SANDERS) And what democratic socialism is about is saying that it is immoral and wrong that the top one-tenth of 1 percent in this country own almost 90 percent -- almost -- own almost as much wealth as the bottom 90 percent. That it is wrong, today, in a rigged economy, that 57 percent of all new income is going to the top 1 percent.
(SANDERS) Those are some of the principles that I believe in, and I think we should look to countries like Denmark, like Sweden and Norway, and learn from what they have accomplished for their working people.(APPLAUSE)
(COOPER) You -- the -- the Republican attack ad against you in a general election -- it writes itself. You supported the Sandinistas in Nicaragua. You honeymooned in the Soviet Union. And just this weekend, you said youre not a capitalist.Doesnt -- doesnt that ad write itself?
(SANDERS) Do I consider myself part of the casino capitalist process by which so few have so much and so many have so little by which Wall Streets greed and recklessness wrecked this economy? No, I dont.
(CLINTON) Well, let me just follow-up on that, Anderson, because when I think about capitalism, I think about all the small businesses that were started because we have the opportunity and the freedom in our country for people to do that and to make a good living for themselves and their families.
(CLINTON) And I dont think we should confuse what we have to do every so often in America, which is save capitalism from itself. And I think what Senator Sanders is saying certainly makes sense in the terms of the inequality that we have.
(CLINTON) But we are not Denmark. I love Denmark. We are the United States of America. And its our job to rein in the excesses of capitalism so that it doesnt run amok and doesnt cause the kind of inequities were seeing in our economic system.
(CLINTON & COOPER ) CLINTON: But we would be making a grave mistake to turn our backs on what built the greatest middle class in the history...COOPER: Senator Sanders?CLINTON: ... of the world.(APPLAUSE)
(CHAFEE) Did you hear what I said? On the issues. I have not changed on the issues. I was a liberal Republican, then I was an independent, and now Im a proud Democrat. But I have not changed on the issues.
(OMALLEY) I did not make our city immune to setbacks. But I attended a lot of funerals, including one for a family of seven who were firebombed in their sleep for picking up the phone in a poor African-American neighborhood and calling the police because of drug dealers on their corner.
(OMALLEY) Weve saved over a thousand lives in Baltimore in the last 15 years of people working together. And the vast majority of them were young and poor and black. It wasnt easy on any day. But we saved lives and we gave our city a better future, improving police and community relations every single day that I was in office.
(SANDERS) This was a large and complicated bill. There were provisions in it that I think made sense. For example, do I think that a gun shop in the state of Vermont that sells legally a gun to somebody, and that somebody goes out and does something crazy, that that gun shop owner should be held responsible? I dont.
(CLINTON) No, not at all. I think that we have to look at the fact that we lose 90 people a day from gun violence. This has gone on too long and its time the entire country stood up against the NRA. The majority of our country...(APPLAUSE)... supports background checks, and even the majority of gun owners do.
(CLINTON) Senator Sanders did vote five times against the Brady bill. Since it was passed, more than 2 million prohibited purchases have been prevented. He also did vote, as he said, for this immunity provision. I voted against it. I was in the Senate at the same time.
(CLINTON) It wasnt that complicated to me. It was pretty straightforward to me that he was going to give immunity to the only industry in America. Everybody else has to be accountable, but not the gun manufacturers. And we need to stand up and say: Enough of that. Were not going to let it continue.(APPLAUSE)
(SANDERS) As a senator from a rural state, what I can tell Secretary Clinton, that all the shouting in the world is not going to do what I would hope all of us want, and that is keep guns out of the hands of people who should not have those guns and end this horrible violence that we are seeing.
(SANDERS) I think the governor gave a very good example about the weaknesses in that law and I think we have to take another look at it. But here is the point, Governor. We can raise our voices, but I come from a rural state, and the views on gun control in rural states are different than in urban states, whether we like it or not.
(OMALLEY & SANDERS ) OMALLEY: Senator -- Senator, excuse me.(CROSSTALK)OMALLEY: Senator, it is not about rural -- Senator, it was not about rural and urban.SANDERS: Its exactly about rural.OMALLEY: Have you ever been to the Eastern Shore?
(OMALLEY & SANDERS ) SANDERS: Governor...OMALLEY: And we did it by leading with principle, not by pandering to the NRA and backing down to the NRA.SANDERS: Well, as somebody who has a D-minus voting record...(CROSSTALK)OMALLEY: And I have an F from the NRA, Senator.SANDERS: I dont think I am pandering.
(WEBB) A lot of them are criminals. And a lot of the people are getting killed are members of gangs inside our urban areas. And a lot of them are mentally incapacitated. And the shooting in Virginia Tech in 07, this individual had received medical care for mental illness from three different professionals who were not allowed to share the information.
(COOPER & WEBB ) COOPER: Senator...WEBB: May I? People are going back and forth here for 10 minutes here. There are people at high levels in this government who have bodyguards 24 hours a day, seven days a week. The average American does not have that, and deserves the right to be able to protect their family.
(CLINTON) You know, I -- I agree completely. We dont want American troops on the ground in Syria. I never said that. What I said was we had to put together a coalition -- in fact, something that I worked on before I left the State Department -- to do, and yes, that it should include Arabs, people in the region.
(COOPER) Governor OMALLEY, just for the record, on the campaign trail, youve been saying that Secretary Clinton is always quick for the -- for the military intervention. Senator -- Secretary Clinton, you can respond.
(CLINTON) You know, I have to say, I was very pleased when Governor OMALLEY endorsed me for president in 2008, and I enjoyed his strong support in that campaign. And I consider him, obviously, a friend.
(COOPER & WEBB ) COOPER: Senator...WEBB: And I would say this. Ive been waiting for 10 minutes. I will say this.COOPER: Youre over your time as of now.WEBB: I will -- well, youve let a lot of people go over their time. I would say this...COOPER: You agreed to these debate rules.
(COOPER & SANDERS) COOPER: Id like you to be able to respond and get in on this.SANDERS: Well, I think Mr. Putin is going to regret what he is doing. I think that when he gets into that...COOPER: He doesnt seem to be the type of guy to regret a lot.
(SANDERS) Well, I think hes already regretting what he did in Crimea and what he is doing in the Ukraine. I think he is really regretting the decline of his economy. And I think what he is trying to do now is save some face.
(WEBB) Everybody makes their decisions when the time there is conscription. And as long as they go through the legal process that our country requires, I respect that. And it would be for the voters to decide whether Senator Sanders or anyone else should be president.
(CLINTON) And I have been as transparent as I know to be, turning over 55,000 pages of my e-mails, asking that they be made public. And youre right. I am going to be testifying. Ive been asking to testify for some time and to do it in public, which was not originally agreed to.
(CLINTON) It is a partisan vehicle, as admitted by the House Republican majority leader, Mr. McCarthy, to drive down my poll numbers. Big surprise. And thats what they have attempted to do.I am still standing. I am happy to be part of this debate.(APPLAUSE)
(CLINTON) And I intend to keep talking about the issues that matter to the American people. You know, I believe strongly that we need to be talking about what people talk to me about, like how are we going to make college affordable? How are we going to pay down student debt?
(CLINTON) This committee has spent $4.5 million of taxpayer money, and they said that they were trying to figure out what we could do better to protect our diplomats so that something like Benghazi wouldnt happen again. There were already seven committee reports about what to do. So I think its pretty clear what their obvious goal is.
(COOPER& CLINTON & SANDERS) COOPER: Thank you.CLINTON: But Ill be there. Ill answer their questions. But tonight, I want to talk not about my e-mails, but about what the American people want from the next president of the United States.(APPLAUSE)COOPER: Senator Sanders?SANDERS: Let me say this.(APPLAUSE)
(SANDERS) Let me say -- let me say something that may not be great politics. But I think the secretary is right, and that is that the American people are sick and tired of hearing about your damn e-mails.(APPLAUSE)
(SANDERS) You know? The middle class -- Anderson, and let me say something about the media, as well. I go around the country, talk to a whole lot of people. Middle class in this country is collapsing.
(SANDERS) We have 27 million people living in poverty. We have massive wealth and income inequality. Our trade policies have cost us millions of decent jobs. The American people want to know whether were going to have a democracy or an oligarchy as a result of Citizens Union. Enough of the e-mails. Lets talk about the real issues facing America.(APPLAUSE)
(CHAFEE) Absolutely. We have to repair American credibility after we told the world that Saddam Hussein had weapons of mass destruction, which he didnt. So theres an issue of American credibility out there.
(CHAFEE) So any time someone is running to be our leader, and a world leader, which the American president is, credibility is an issue out there with the world. And we have repair work to be done. I think we need someone that has the best in ethical standards as our next president. Thats how I feel.
(COOPER) Governor -- Governor...(APPLAUSE)Governor OMALLEY...(APPLAUSE)Governor, its popular in the room, but a lot of people do want to know these answers.Governor OMALLEY, you expressed concern on the campaign trail that the Democratic Party is, and I quote, being defined by Hillary Clintons email scandal.You heard her answer, do you still feel that way tonight?
(OMALLEY) I believe that now that were finally having debates, Anderson, that we dont have to be defined by the email scandal, and how long -- what the FBIs asking about. Instead, we can talk about affordable college, making college debt free, and all the issues.
(OMALLEY) Which is why -- and I see the chair of the DNC here, look how glad we are actually to be talking about the issues that matter the most to people around the kitchen table.We need to get wages to go up, college more affordable...
(CLINTON) I have a five point economic plan, because this inequality challenge we face, we have faced it at other points. Its absolutely right. It hasnt been this bad since the 1920s. But if you look at the Republicans versus the Democrats when it comes to economic policy, there is no comparison. The economy does better when you have a Democrat in the White House and thats why we need to have a Democrat in the White House in January 2017.
(OMALLEY) Secretary Clinton mentioned my support eight years ago. And Secretary, I was proud to support you eight years ago, but something happened in between, and that is, Anderson, a Wall Street crash that wiped out millions of jobs and millions of savings for families. And we are still just as vulnerable Paul Volcker says today.
(SANDERS) Check the record. In the 1990s -- and all due respect -- in the 1990s, when I had the Republican leadership and Wall Street spending billions of dollars in lobbying, when the Clinton administration, when Alan Greenspan said, what a great idea it would be to allow these huge banks to merge, Bernie Sanders fought them, and helped lead the opposition to deregulation.(APPLAUSE)
(COOPER & SANDERS) SANDERS: Today, it is my view that when you have the three...COOPER: Senator...SANDERS: ...largest banks in America -- are much bigger than they were when we bailed them out for being too big to fail, we have got to break them up.(APPLAUSE)
(CLINTON) Yeah.You know, I -- I respect the passion an intensity. I represented Wall Street, as a senator from New York, and I went to Wall Street in December of 2007 -- before the big crash that we had -- and I basically said, cut it out! Quit foreclosing on homes! Quit engaging in these kinds of speculative behaviors.
(SANDERS) Ill tell him.In my view, Secretary Clinton, you do not -- Congress does not regulate Wall Street. Wall Street regulates Congress.(APPLAUSE)And we have gotta break off these banks. Going to them...
(CLINTON& SANDERS & WEBB ) CLINTON: So...SANDERS: ...and saying, please, do the right thing...CLINTON: ...no, thats not what...SANDERS: ...is kind of naive.CLINTON: ...that -- I think Dodd-Frank was a very...WEBB: Anderson, I need to jump in (inaudible).
(WEBB) With respect to the financial sector, I mean, I know that my time has run out but in speaking of changing positions and the position on how this debate has occurred is kind of frustrating because unless somebody mentions my name I cant get into the discussion.
(COOPER & CHAFEE) COOPER: Well, with all due respect, Governor...CHAFEE: But let me just say...COOPER: ... what does that say about you that youre casting a vote for something you werent really sure about?
(CHAFEE) I think youre being a little rough. Id just arrived at the United States Senate. Id been mayor of my city. My dad had died. Id been appointed by the governor. It was the first vote and it was 90-5, because it was a conference report.
(CLINTON) I want to open up the opportunity for immigrants to be able to buy in to the exchanges under the Affordable Care Act. I think to go beyond that, as I understand what Governor OMALLEY has recommended, so that they would get the same subsidies.
(OMALLEY) I mean, we are a nation of immigrants, we are made stronger by immigrants. Do you think for a second that simply because somebodys standing in a broken que on naturalization theyre not going to go to the hospital, and that care isnt going to fall on to our insurance rates? I am for a generous, compassionate America that says were all in this together. We need comprehensive
(CLINTON & OMALLEY) CLINTON: I want to follow up because I think underneath Juan Carlos important questions, there is such a difference between everything youre hearing here on this stage, and what we hear from the Republicans.(APPLAUSE)OMALLEY: Here. Here.(CHEERING) (APPLAUSE)
(COOPER & OMALLEY) COOPER: Governor OMALLEY?OMALLEY: Anderson, we actually did this in my state of Maryland. We passed...(APPLAUSE)OMALLEY: We passed a state version of the DREAM Act...(CHEERING)OMALLEY: ...And a lot of the xenophobes, the immigrant haters like some that weve heard like, Donald Trump, that carnival barker in the Republican party...(CHEERING) (APPLAUSE)
(COOPER & OMALLEY) OMALLEY: Tried to mischaracterize it as free tuition for illegal immigrants. But, we took our case to the people when it was petitioned to referendum, and we won with 58 percent of the vote. The more our children learn, the more they will earn, and thats true of children who have yet to be naturalized...COOPER: ...Senator...OMALLEY: ...but will become American citizens...
(SANDERS) But heres where I do disagree. I believe that the power of corporate America, the power of Wall Street, the power of the drug companies, the power of the corporate media is so great that the only way we really transform America and do the things that the middle class and working class desperately need is through a political revolution when millions of people begin to come together and stand up and say: Our government is going to work for all of us, not just a handful of billionaires.(APPLAUSE)
(COOPER) And welcome back to this CNN Democratic presidential debate. It has been quite a night so far. We are in the final block of this debate. All the candidates are back, which Im very happy to see.(LAUGHTER)
(CLINTON) I certainly am not campaigning to become president because my last name is Clinton. Im campaigning because I think I have the right combination of what the country needs, at this point, and I think I can take the fight to the Republicans, because we cannot afford a Republican to succeed Barack Obama as president of the United States.
(CLINTON) Well, that -- thats exactly what Ive been doing. When we met in Copenhagen in 2009 and, literally, President Obama and I were hunting for the Chinese, going throughout this huge convention center, because we knew we had to get them to agree to something. Because there will be no effective efforts against climate change unless China and India join with the rest of the world.
(CLINTON) They dont mind having big government to interfere with a womans right to choose and to try to take down Planned Parenthood. Theyre fine with big government when it comes to that. Im sick of it.(APPLAUSE)You know, we can do these things.(APPLAUSE)
(CLINTON) We should not be paralyzed -- we should not be paralyzed by the Republicans and their constant refrain, big government this, big government that, that except for what they want to impose on the American people. I know we can afford it, because were going to make the wealthy pay for it. That is the way to get it done.
(LOPEZ) Thank you, Anderson.Senator Sanders, right here in Nevada, there will be a measure to legalize recreational marijuana on the 2016 ballot. Youve said you smoked marijuana twice; it didnt quite work for you. If you were a Nevada resident, how would you vote?
(LOPEZ) When asked about legalizing recreational marijuana, you told her lets wait and see how it plays out in Colorado and Washington. Its been more than a year since youve said that. Are you ready to take a position tonight?
(CLINTON) No. I think that we have the opportunity through the states that are pursuing recreational marijuana to find out a lot more than we know today. I do support the use of medical marijuana, and I think even there we need to do a lot more research so that we know exactly how were going to help people for whom medical marijuana provides reliefs.
(SANDERS) If we want to raise the minimum wage to $15 bucks an hour, workers are going to have to come together and look the Republicans in the eye, and say, We know whats going on. You vote against us, you are out of your job.(APPLAUSE)
(COOPER) Governor Chafee, Franklin Delano Roosevelt once said, I ask you to judge me by the enemies I have made. Youve all made a few people upset over your political careers. Which enemy are you most proud of?(LAUGHTER)
(CHAFEE) I guess the coal lobby. Ive worked hard for climate change and I want to work with the coal lobby. But in my time in the Senate, tried to bring them to the table so that we could address carbon dioxide. Im proud to be at odds with the coal lobby.
(COOPER & SANDERS) COOPER: Senator Sanders?SANDERS: As someone who has taken on probably every special interest that there is in Washington, I would lump Wall Street and the pharmaceutical industry at the top of my life of people who do not like me.(APPLAUSE)
(CLINTON) I think what you did see is that, in this debate, we tried to deal with some of the very tough issues facing our country. Thats in stark contrast to the Republicans who are currently running for president.
All shows mentioning line: