Democratic Debate #1: Television Coverage

The GDELT Project and the Internet Archive are partnering together to help better understand which soundbites and speakers are dominating the political discourse on television. In particular, we are working to translate the social media concepts of "memes" and "going viral" to the television world. Using the Internet Archive's Television News Archive, which monitors major American and international television stations in realtime, along with an archive of more than 735,000 television shows since 2009, we scan all monitored television programming for audio fingerprints of each soundbite of selected major political speeches and identify all excerpts of those soundbites across television news shows in the following days. The tool we use, audfprint, developed by the Laboratory for the Recognition and Organization of Speech and Audio at Columbia University, scans the audio track of each show, so it is not dependent on closed captioning, which is extremely noisy and entirely absent from many foreign language broadcasts. The tool is extremely sensitive, able to detect brief excerpts even when they are overdubbed by a commentator and/or other sound effects.

Today we are excited to unveil our latest application: the Democratic Presidential Prime Debate, held at 8:30PM EST on October 13, 2015 at the Wynn Las Vegas hotel in Las Vegas, Nevada. The entire transcript of the debate was hand-segmented into soundbites and all television news programming monitored by the Internet Archive for 24 hours following the debate were scanned for any excerpt of those soundbites, which are displayed below. Browse the entire transcript below and click on any passage to see how many times and where it was excerpted, and click on the video icon to the left of each passage or the list of shows mentioning the excerpt in the bottom right to view a brief video clip of the soundbite. These numbers only reflect those television shows monitored by the Internet Archive, representing only a small set of television stations in the United States. Thus, these numbers are far from exhaustive in terms of measuring the total reach of the debate, but offers a powerful glimpse into which pieces of the speech resonated and where.

What you are seeing here is a first glimpse of a whole new way of exploring television, using enormously powerful computer algorithms as a new lens through which to explore the Internet Archive's massive archive of television news to create for the first time a way of tracking what's "going viral" on television. Quite literally this project took an hour-long political speech, broke it into soundbites, and scanned two weeks of national television news programming for any excerpt of any of those soundbites. Imagine the future possibilities for tracking how soundbites move between social and mainstream media, and the future ability to apply these techniques to explore soundbites in online video!

Visualizing the Debate

The final results of this analysis are available through the interface below. By default the entire debate transcript is shown, but you can use the search box below to narrow to only soundbites containing a particular keyword or that were aired on a particular station or show. The timeline below shows how many times each soundbite was broadcast. As you scroll through the transcript, the top-most paragraph will automatically highlight in yellow and the corresponding time period will highlight in the timeline below,l while the sidebar to the right of the transcript will display key statistics about that passage, along with a list of links to view previews of every identified mention of that soundbite on a news show. The timeline allows you to zoom into any section to see it more clearly - click anywhere in the middle of the graph on the white background (not the bottom of the graph) and drag with your mouse to highlight a section of the timeline - a "reset zoom" button will appear at the top right of the timeline display to zoom back out to the original view. While zoomed in you can hold down the shift key on your keyboard and click and drag to pan the timeline forward/backwards.

Filter the Debate Transcript

By default the entire debate transcript is displayed below. You can use the options below to filter to only a subset of the debate, such as only those lines appearing on a particular television station or show, or only those lines containing a certain keyword/phrase or spoken by a particular person. Only lines matching all of your criteria below are included.

Television Station

Television Show

Transcript Keyword


(Displays a grid of piecharts, one per television network, that shows the percentage of matching soundbites on that network from each candidate.)

(CHAFEE) Im very proud that over my almost 30 years of public service, I have had no scandals. Ive always been honest. I have the courage to take the long-term view, and Ive shown good judgment. I have high ethical standards.

(CHAFEE) As we look to the future, I want to address the income inequality, close the gap between the haves and the have-nots. I want to address climate change, a real threat to our planet. And I believe in prosperity through peace. I want to end these wars.

(OMALLEY) We need new leadership, and we need action. The sort of action that will actually make wages go up again for all American families.

(OMALLEY) Our economy isnt money, its people. Its all of our people, and so we must invest in our country, and the potential of our kids to make college a debt free option for all of our families, instead of settling our kids with a lifetime of crushing debt.

(SANDERS) Anderson, thank you very much. I think most Americans understand that our country today faces a series of unprecedented crises. The middle class of this country for the last 40 years has been disappearing.

(SANDERS) Millions of Americans are working longer hours for lower wages, and yet almost all of the new income and wealth being created is going to the top one percent.

(SANDERS) Today in America, we have more people in jail than any other country on Earth. African-American youth unemployment is 51 percent. Hispanic youth unemployment is 36 percent. It seems to me that instead of building more jails and providing more incarceration, maybe -- just maybe -- we should be putting money into education and jobs for our kids.(APPLAUSE)

(SANDERS) What this campaign is about is whether we can mobilize our people to take back our government from a handful of billionaires and create the vibrant democracy we know we can and should have. Thank you.(APPLAUSE)

(CLINTON) And every day, I think about what we need to do to make sure that opportunity is available not just for her, but for all of our children. I have spent a very long time -- my entire adult life -- looking for ways to even the odds to help people have a chance to get ahead, and, in particular, to find the ways for each child to live up to his or her God-given potential.

(CLINTON) At the center of my campaign is how were going to raise wages. Yes, of course, raise the minimum wage, but we have to do so much more, including finding ways so that companies share profits with the workers who helped to make them.

(CLINTON) And then we have to figure out how were going to make the tax system a fairer one. Right now, the wealthy pay too little and the middle class pays too much.

(CLINTON) And I will do everything I can to heal the divides -- the divides economically, because theres too much inequality; the racial divides; the continuing discrimination against the LGBT community -- so that we work together and, yes, finally, fathers will be able to say to their daughters, you, too, can grow up to be president.(APPLAUSE)

(COOPER) Secretary Clinton, I want to start with you. Plenty of politicians evolve on issues, but even some Democrats believe you change your positions based on political expediency.

(COOPER) You were against same-sex marriage. Now youre for it. You defended President Obamas immigration policies. Now you say theyre too harsh.

(COOPER) You supported his trade deal dozen of times. You even called it the gold standard. Now, suddenly, last week, youre against it.Will you say anything to get elected?

(CLINTON) Well, actually, I have been very consistent. Over the course of my entire life, I have always fought for the same values and principles, but, like most human beings -- including those of us who run for office -- I do absorb new information. I do look at whats happening in the world.

(CLINTON) You know, take the trade deal. I did say, when I was secretary of state, three years ago, that I hoped it would be the gold standard. It was just finally negotiated last week, and in looking at it, it didnt meet my standards. My standards for more new, good jobs for Americans, for raising wages for Americans.

(CLINTON) No. I think that, like most people that I know, I have a range of views, but they are rooted in my values and my experience. And I dont take a back seat to anyone when it comes to progressive experience and progressive commitment.

(COOPER) Just for the record, are you a progressive, or are you a moderate?

(CLINTON) Im a progressive. But Im a progressive who likes to get things done. And I know...(APPLAUSE) to find common ground, and I know how to stand my ground, and I have proved that in every position that Ive had, even dealing with Republicans who never had a good word to say about me, honestly.

(COOPER) Senator Sanders. A Gallup poll says half the country would not put a socialist in the White House. You call yourself a democratic socialist. How can any kind of socialist win a general election in the United States?

(SANDERS) Well, were gonna win because first, were gonna explain what democratic socialism is.

(SANDERS) And what democratic socialism is about is saying that it is immoral and wrong that the top one-tenth of 1 percent in this country own almost 90 percent -- almost -- own almost as much wealth as the bottom 90 percent. That it is wrong, today, in a rigged economy, that 57 percent of all new income is going to the top 1 percent.

(SANDERS) You see every other major country saying to moms that, when you have a baby, were not gonna separate you from your newborn baby, because we are going to have -- we are gonna have medical and family paid leave, like every other country on Earth.

(SANDERS) Those are some of the principles that I believe in, and I think we should look to countries like Denmark, like Sweden and Norway, and learn from what they have accomplished for their working people.(APPLAUSE)

(COOPER) You -- the -- the Republican attack ad against you in a general election -- it writes itself. You supported the Sandinistas in Nicaragua. You honeymooned in the Soviet Union. And just this weekend, you said youre not a capitalist.Doesnt -- doesnt that ad write itself?

(COOPER) You dont consider yourself a capitalist, though?

(SANDERS) Do I consider myself part of the casino capitalist process by which so few have so much and so many have so little by which Wall Streets greed and recklessness wrecked this economy? No, I dont.

(SANDERS) I believe in a society where all people do well. Not just a handful of billionaires.(APPLAUSE)

(CLINTON) And I dont think we should confuse what we have to do every so often in America, which is save capitalism from itself. And I think what Senator Sanders is saying certainly makes sense in the terms of the inequality that we have.

(CLINTON) But we are not Denmark. I love Denmark. We are the United States of America. And its our job to rein in the excesses of capitalism so that it doesnt run amok and doesnt cause the kind of inequities were seeing in our economic system.

(CHAFEE) Did you hear what I said? On the issues. I have not changed on the issues. I was a liberal Republican, then I was an independent, and now Im a proud Democrat. But I have not changed on the issues.

(COOPER & SANDERS ) COOPER: Do you want to shield gun companies from lawsuits?SANDERS: Of course not.

(SANDERS) This was a large and complicated bill. There were provisions in it that I think made sense. For example, do I think that a gun shop in the state of Vermont that sells legally a gun to somebody, and that somebody goes out and does something crazy, that that gun shop owner should be held responsible? I dont.

(COOPER) Secretary Clinton, is Bernie Sanders tough enough on guns?

(CLINTON) No, not at all. I think that we have to look at the fact that we lose 90 people a day from gun violence. This has gone on too long and its time the entire country stood up against the NRA. The majority of our country...(APPLAUSE)... supports background checks, and even the majority of gun owners do.

(CLINTON) Senator Sanders did vote five times against the Brady bill. Since it was passed, more than 2 million prohibited purchases have been prevented. He also did vote, as he said, for this immunity provision. I voted against it. I was in the Senate at the same time.

(CLINTON) It wasnt that complicated to me. It was pretty straightforward to me that he was going to give immunity to the only industry in America. Everybody else has to be accountable, but not the gun manufacturers. And we need to stand up and say: Enough of that. Were not going to let it continue.(APPLAUSE)

(COOPER) Were going to bring you all in on this. But, Senator Sanders, you have to give a response.

(SANDERS) As a senator from a rural state, what I can tell Secretary Clinton, that all the shouting in the world is not going to do what I would hope all of us want, and that is keep guns out of the hands of people who should not have those guns and end this horrible violence that we are seeing.

(SANDERS) I believe that there is a consensus in this country. A consensus has said we need to strengthen and expand instant background checks, do away with this gun show loophole, that we have to address the issue of mental health, that we have to deal with the strawman purchasing issue, and that when we develop that consensus, we can finally, finally do something to address this issue.

(OMALLEY) And, Anderson, I also had to overcome a lot of opposition in the leadership of my own party to get this done. Look, its fine to talk about all of these things -- and Im glad were talking about these things -- but Ive actually done them.

(OMALLEY) We passed comprehensive gun safety legislation, not by looking at the pollings or looking at what the polls said. We actually did it. And, Anderson, here tonight in our audience are two people that make this issue very, very real. Sandy and Lonnie Phillips are here from Colorado. And their daughter, Jessie, was one of those who lost their lives in that awful mass shooting in Aurora.

(SANDERS) I think the governor gave a very good example about the weaknesses in that law and I think we have to take another look at it. But here is the point, Governor. We can raise our voices, but I come from a rural state, and the views on gun control in rural states are different than in urban states, whether we like it or not.

(OMALLEY & SANDERS ) OMALLEY: Senator -- Senator, excuse me.(CROSSTALK)OMALLEY: Senator, it is not about rural -- Senator, it was not about rural and urban.SANDERS: Its exactly about rural.OMALLEY: Have you ever been to the Eastern Shore?

(OMALLEY) Have you ever been to Western Maryland? We were able to pass this and still respect the hunting traditions of people who live in our rural areas.

(OMALLEY & SANDERS ) SANDERS: Governor...OMALLEY: And we did it by leading with principle, not by pandering to the NRA and backing down to the NRA.SANDERS: Well, as somebody who has a D-minus voting record...(CROSSTALK)OMALLEY: And I have an F from the NRA, Senator.SANDERS: I dont think I am pandering.

(OMALLEY & SANDERS ) SANDERS: But you have not been in the United States Congress.OMALLEY: Well, maybe thats a healthy thing.(LAUGHTER)SANDERS: And when you want to, check it out.

(COOPER & WEBB ) COOPER: Senator...WEBB: May I? People are going back and forth here for 10 minutes here. There are people at high levels in this government who have bodyguards 24 hours a day, seven days a week. The average American does not have that, and deserves the right to be able to protect their family.

(SANDERS) Well, lets understand that when we talk about Syria, youre talking about a quagmire in a quagmire. Youre talking about groups of people trying to overthrow Assad, other groups of people fighting ISIS. Youre talking about people who are fighting ISIS using their guns to overthrow Assad, and vice versa.

(SANDERS) Im the former chairman of the Senate Veterans Committee, and in that capacity I learned a very powerful lesson about the cost of war, and I will do everything that I can to make sure that the United States does not get involved in another quagmire like we did in Iraq, the worst foreign policy blunder in the history of this country.

(CHAFEE) -- if youre looking ahead, and youre looking at someone who made that poor decision in 2002 to go into Iraq when there was no real evidence of weapons of mass destruction in Iraq -- I know because I did my homework, and, so, thats an indication of how someone will perform in the future. And thats whats important.

(CLINTON) Well, I recall very well being on a debate stage, I think, about 25 times with then Senator Obama, debating this very issue. After the election, he asked me to become Secretary of State.

(CLINTON) He valued my judgment, and I spent a lot of time with him...(APPLAUSE) the Situation Room, going over some very difficult issues.

(CLINTON) You know, I -- I agree completely. We dont want American troops on the ground in Syria. I never said that. What I said was we had to put together a coalition -- in fact, something that I worked on before I left the State Department -- to do, and yes, that it should include Arabs, people in the region.

(SANDERS) Let me just respond to something the secretary said. First of all, she is talking about, as I understand it, a no-fly zone in Syria, which I think is a very dangerous situation. Could lead to real problems.

(COOPER) Governor OMALLEY, just for the record, on the campaign trail, youve been saying that Secretary Clinton is always quick for the -- for the military intervention. Senator -- Secretary Clinton, you can respond.

(CLINTON& WEBB & COOPER ) CLINTON: Well, first of all, I...WEBB: Anderson, can I come into this discussion at some point?COOPER: Well -- yes

(COOPER) Youll be coming in next, but she was directly quoted, Senator.

(WEBB & COOPER) WEBB: Thank you. Ive been standing over here for about ten minutes, trying.COOPER: OK.WEBB: Its just -- its gone back and forth over there.

(COOPER& CLINTON & WEBB ) COOPER: Secretary?CLINTON: Well, I am in the middle, here, and...(LAUGHTER)Lots of things coming from all directions.WEBB: You got the lucky (inaudible).

(CLINTON) Let me say -- because theres a lot of loose talk going on here -- we are already flying in Syria just as we are flying in Iraq.

(CLINTON) The president has made a very tough decision. What I believe and why I have advocated that the no-fly zone -- which of course would be in a coalition -- be put on the table is because Im trying to figure out what leverage we have to get Russia to the table.

(WEBB) Look, lets start -- Ive been trying to get in this conversation for about 10 minutes -- lets start with why Russia is in Syria right now. There are three strategic failings that have allowed this to occur. The first was the invasion of Iraq, which destabilized ethnic elements in Iraq and empowered Iran.

(COOPER & WEBB ) COOPER: Senator...WEBB: And I would say this. Ive been waiting for 10 minutes. I will say this.COOPER: Youre over your time as of now.WEBB: I will -- well, youve let a lot of people go over their time. I would say this...COOPER: You agreed to these debate rules.

(WEBB) ... to the unelected, authoritarian government of China: You do not own the South China Sea. You do not have the right to conduct cyber warfare against tens of millions of American citizens. And in a Webb administration, we will do something about that.

(COOPER & SANDERS) COOPER: Id like you to be able to respond and get in on this.SANDERS: Well, I think Mr. Putin is going to regret what he is doing. I think that when he gets into that...COOPER: He doesnt seem to be the type of guy to regret a lot.

(CLINTON) Well, lets remember what was going on. We had a murderous dictator, Gadhafi, who had American blood on his hands, as Im sure you remember, threatening to massacre large numbers of the Libyan people.

(CLINTON) Our response, which I think was smart power at its best, is that the United States will not lead this. We will provide essential, unique capabilities that we have, but the Europeans and the Arabs had to be first over the line. We did not put one single American soldier on the ground in Libya. And Ill say this for the Libyan people...

(COOPER) But American citizens did lose their lives in Benghazi.

(CLINTON) But let -- Ill get to that. But I think its important, since I understand Senator Webbs very strong feelings about this, to explain where we were then and to point out that I think President Obama made the right decision at the time.

(WEBB) I will say this, coming from the position that Ive come from, from a military family, with my brother a marine, my son was a marine in Iraq, I served as a marine, spending five years in the Pentagon, I am comfortable that I am the most qualified person standing up here today to be your commander-in-chief.

(COOPER) Thirty seconds for each of you. Governor Chafee, what is the greatest national security threat to the United States?

(CHAFEE & COOPER) CHAFEE: Its certainly the chaos in the Middle East. Theres no doubt about it.COOPER: OK.CHAFEE: And it all started with the Iraq invasion.

(COOPER & OMALLEY) COOPER: Governor OMALLEY?OMALLEY: I believe that nuclear Iran remains the biggest threat, along with the threat of ISIL; climate change, of course, makes cascading threats even worse.

(COOPER) Secretary Clinton, the greatest national security threat?

(CLINTON) I -- I think it has to be continued threat from the spread of nuclear weapons, nuclear material that can fall into the wrong hands. I know the terrorists are constantly seeking it, and thats why we have to stay vigilant, but also united around the world to prevent that.

(COOPER) Senator Sanders, greatest national security threat?

(SANDERS) The scientific community is telling us that if we do not address the global crisis of climate change, transform our energy system away from fossil fuel to sustainable energy, the planet that were going to be leaving our kids and our grandchildren may well not be habitable. That is a major crisis.

(COOPER & WEBB) COOPER: Senator Webb?WEBB: Our greatest long-term strategic challenge is our relation with China. Our greatest day-to-day threat is cyber warfare against this country. Our greatest military-operational threat is resolving the situations in the Middle East.

(COOPER) We begin with Secretary Clinton. Secretary Clinton, you are going to be testifying before Congress next week about your e-mails. For the last eight months, you havent been able to put this issue behind you. You dismissed it; you joked about it; you called it a mistake. What does that say about your ability to handle far more challenging crises as president?

(CLINTON) Well, Ive taken responsibility for it. I did say it was a mistake. What I did was allowed by the State Department, but it wasnt the best choice.

(CLINTON) And I have been as transparent as I know to be, turning over 55,000 pages of my e-mails, asking that they be made public. And youre right. I am going to be testifying. Ive been asking to testify for some time and to do it in public, which was not originally agreed to.

(CLINTON) But lets just take a minute here and point out that this committee is basically an arm of the Republican National Committee.(APPLAUSE)

(CLINTON) It is a partisan vehicle, as admitted by the House Republican majority leader, Mr. McCarthy, to drive down my poll numbers. Big surprise. And thats what they have attempted to do.I am still standing. I am happy to be part of this debate.(APPLAUSE)

(COOPER) Secretary Clinton, Secretary Clinton, with all due respect, its a little hard -- I mean, isnt it a little bit hard to call this just a partisan issue? Theres an FBI investigation, and President Obama himself just two days ago said this is a legitimate issue.

(CLINTON) Well, I never said it wasnt legitimate. I said that I have answered all the questions and I will certainly be doing so again before this committee. But I think it would be really unfair not to look at the entire picture.

(CLINTON) This committee has spent $4.5 million of taxpayer money, and they said that they were trying to figure out what we could do better to protect our diplomats so that something like Benghazi wouldnt happen again. There were already seven committee reports about what to do. So I think its pretty clear what their obvious goal is.

(COOPER& CLINTON & SANDERS) COOPER: Thank you.CLINTON: But Ill be there. Ill answer their questions. But tonight, I want to talk not about my e-mails, but about what the American people want from the next president of the United States.(APPLAUSE)COOPER: Senator Sanders?SANDERS: Let me say this.(APPLAUSE)

(SANDERS) Let me say -- let me say something that may not be great politics. But I think the secretary is right, and that is that the American people are sick and tired of hearing about your damn e-mails.(APPLAUSE)

(CLINTON) Thank you. Me, too. Me, too.

(SANDERS) You know? The middle class -- Anderson, and let me say something about the media, as well. I go around the country, talk to a whole lot of people. Middle class in this country is collapsing.

(SANDERS) We have 27 million people living in poverty. We have massive wealth and income inequality. Our trade policies have cost us millions of decent jobs. The American people want to know whether were going to have a democracy or an oligarchy as a result of Citizens Union. Enough of the e-mails. Lets talk about the real issues facing America.(APPLAUSE)

(CLINTON) Thank you, Bernie. Thank you.(APPLAUSE)

(COOPER) I know that plays well in this room. But I got to be honest, Governor Chafee, for the record, on the campaign trail, youve said a different thing. You said this is a huge issue. Standing here in front of Secretary Clinton, are you willing to say that to her face?

(CHAFEE) Absolutely. We have to repair American credibility after we told the world that Saddam Hussein had weapons of mass destruction, which he didnt. So theres an issue of American credibility out there.

(CHAFEE) So any time someone is running to be our leader, and a world leader, which the American president is, credibility is an issue out there with the world. And we have repair work to be done. I think we need someone that has the best in ethical standards as our next president. Thats how I feel.

(COOPER & CLINTON) COOPER: Secretary Clinton, do you want to respond?CLINTON: No.

(COOPER) Governor -- Governor...(APPLAUSE)Governor OMALLEY...(APPLAUSE)Governor, its popular in the room, but a lot of people do want to know these answers.Governor OMALLEY, you expressed concern on the campaign trail that the Democratic Party is, and I quote, being defined by Hillary Clintons email scandal.You heard her answer, do you still feel that way tonight?

(OMALLEY) Which is why -- and I see the chair of the DNC here, look how glad we are actually to be talking about the issues that matter the most to people around the kitchen table.We need to get wages to go up, college more affordable...

(COOPER & LEMON) COOPER: The question from Arthur...LEMON: ...There we go...COOPER: ...Do black lives matter, or do all lives matter? Lets put that question to Senator Sanders.

(SANDERS) Black lives matter.(CHEERING)

(SANDERS) And the reason -- the reason those words matter is the African American community knows that on any given day some innocent person like Sandra Bland can get into a car, and then three days later shes going to end up dead in jail, (APPLAUSE)

(SANDERS) or their kids are going to get shot. We need to combat institutional racism from top to bottom, and we need major, major reforms in a broken criminal justice system...(APPLAUSE)

(COOPER) Governor OMALLEY, the question from Arthur was do black lives matter, or do all lives matter?

(OMALLEY) Anderson, the point that the Black Lives Matter movement is making is a very, very legitimate and serious point, and that is that as a nation we have undervalued the lives of black lives, people of color.

(OMALLEY) Black lives matter, and we have a lot of work to do to reform our criminal justice system, and to address race relations in our country.(APPLAUSE)

(COOPER) Secretary Clinton, what would you do for African Americans in this country that President Obama couldnt?

(CLINTON) Well, I think that President Obama has been a great moral leader on these issues, and has laid out an agenda that has been obstructed by the Republicans at every turn, so...(APPLAUSE)

(CLINTON) But, I believe that the debate, and the discussion has to go further, Anderson, because weve got to do more about the lives of these children. Thats why I started off by saying we need to be committed to making it possible for every child to live up to his or her god given potential. That is...

(COOPER & CLINTON) COOPER: ...Thank you, Senator...CLINTON: ...really hard to do if you dont have early childhood education...COOPER: Senator...CLINTON: ...if you dont have schools that are able to meet the needs of the people, or good housing, theres a long list...(APPLAUSE)CLINTON: ...We need a new New Deal for communities of color...COOPER: Senator Webb?

(WEBB) I hope I can get that kind of time here. As a President of the United States, every life in this country matters. At the same time, I believe I can say to you, I have had a long history of working with the situation of African Americans.

(SANDERS) And in my view what we need to do is create millions of jobs by rebuilding our crumbling infrastructure; raise the minimum wage to $15 an hour; pay equity for women workers; and our disastrous trade policies, which have cost us millions of jobs; and make every public college and university in this country tuition free.(APPLAUSE)

(CLINTON) I have a five point economic plan, because this inequality challenge we face, we have faced it at other points. Its absolutely right. It hasnt been this bad since the 1920s. But if you look at the Republicans versus the Democrats when it comes to economic policy, there is no comparison. The economy does better when you have a Democrat in the White House and thats why we need to have a Democrat in the White House in January 2017.

(OMALLEY) You are not for putting a firewall between this speculative, risky shadow banking behavior. I am, and the people of our country need a president whos on their side, willing to protect the Main Street economy from recklessness on Wall Street.We have to fulfill...

(CLINTON) Well, you know, everybody on this stage has changed a position or two. Weve been around a cumulative quite some period of time.(LAUGHTER)

(CLINTON) You know, we know that if you are learning, youre gonna change your position. I never took a position on Keystone until I took a position on Keystone.

(COOPER) Senator Sanders...(APPLAUSE)Senator Sanders, in 2008, congressional leaders were told, without the 2008 bailout, the U.S. was possibly days away from a complete meltdown. Despite that, you still voted against it.As president, would you stand by your principles if it risked the countrys financial stability?

(SANDERS) So to answer your question, no, I would not have let the economy collapse. But it was wrong to ask the middle class to bail out Wall Street. And by the way, I want Wall Street now to help kids in this country go to college, public colleges and universities, free with a Wall Street speculation tax.(APPLAUSE)

(WEBB) With respect to the financial sector, I mean, I know that my time has run out but in speaking of changing positions and the position on how this debate has occurred is kind of frustrating because unless somebody mentions my name I cant get into the discussion.

(COOPER) You agreed to these rules and youre wasting time. So if you would finish your answer, well move on.

(WEBB) All right. Well, Im trying to set a mark here so maybe we can get into a little more later on. This hasnt been equal time.

(COOPER) Governor Chafee, you have attacked Secretary Clinton for being too close to Wall Street banks. In 1999 you voted for the very bill that made banks bigger.

(CHAFEE) The Glass-Steagall was my very first vote, Id just arrived, my dad had died in office, I was appointed to the office, it was my very first vote.

(COOPER) Are you saying you didnt know what you were voting for?

(CHAFEE) Id just arrived at the Senate. I think wed get some takeovers, and that was one. It was my very first vote, and it was 92-5. It was the...

(COOPER & CHAFEE) COOPER: Well, with all due respect, Governor...CHAFEE: But let me just say...COOPER: ... what does that say about you that youre casting a vote for something you werent really sure about?

(CHAFEE) I think youre being a little rough. Id just arrived at the United States Senate. Id been mayor of my city. My dad had died. Id been appointed by the governor. It was the first vote and it was 90-5, because it was a conference report.

(BASH) Senator Sanders, youve mentioned a couple of times you do have a plan to make public colleges free for everyone. Secretary Clinton has criticized that in saying shes not in favor of making a college free for Donald Trumps kids.

(BASH) Do you think taxpayers should pick up the tab for wealthy children?

(SANDERS) Well, let me tell you, Donald Trump and his billionaire friends under my policies are going to pay a hell of a lot more in taxes today -- taxes in the future than theyre paying today.(APPLAUSE)

(SANDERS) And what we said 50 years ago and a hundred years ago is that every kid in this country should be able to get a high school education regardless of the income of their family. I think we have to say that is true for everybody going to college.

(CLINTON) So then we have to make it more affordable. How do we make it more affordable? My plan would enable anyone to go to a public college or university tuition free. You would not have to borrow money for tuition.

(BASH) Secretary Clinton, the question was not just about tuition, though. It was about Senator Sanders plan to expand Social Security, to make Medicare available to all Americans. Is that something that you would support? And if not, why not?

(BASH & CLINTON) BASH: Do you want to expand it?CLINTON: I want to enhance the benefits for the poorest recipients of Social Security. We have a lot of women on Social Security, particularly widowed and single women who didnt make a lot of money during their careers, and they are impoverished, and they need more help from the Social Security system.

(CLINTON) And I will focus -- I will focus on helping those people who need it the most. And of course Im going to defend Social Security. Im going to look for ways to try to make sure its solvent into the future.

(SANDERS) My view is that when you have millions of seniors in this country trying to get by -- and I dont know how they do on $11,000, $12,000, $13,000 a year -- you dont cut Social Security, you expand it.

(CLINTON) Well, first of all, I want to make sure every child gets health care. Thats why I helped to create the Childrens Health Insurance Program, and I want to support states that are expanding health care and including undocumented children and others.

(CLINTON) I want to open up the opportunity for immigrants to be able to buy in to the exchanges under the Affordable Care Act. I think to go beyond that, as I understand what Governor OMALLEY has recommended, so that they would get the same subsidies.

(LOPEZ) Senator Webb, do you support the undocumented immigrants getting Obamacare?

(WEBB) I wouldnt have a problem with that. Let me start by saying my wife is an immigrant. She was a refugee, her family escaped from Vietnam on a boat-- her entire extended family, after the communists took over, when hundreds of thousands of people were out there and thousands of them were dying.

(COOPER) Secretary Clinton, let me ask you. Two of your rivals from your left, Governor OMALLEY, and Senator Sanders, want to provide instate college tuition to undocumented immigrants. Where do you stand on that?

(CLINTON) My plan would support any state that takes that position, and would work with those states and encourage more states to do the same thing.

(COOPER & OMALLEY) COOPER: Governor OMALLEY?OMALLEY: Anderson, we actually did this in my state of Maryland. We passed...(APPLAUSE)OMALLEY: We passed a state version of the DREAM Act...(CHEERING)OMALLEY: ...And a lot of the xenophobes, the immigrant haters like some that weve heard like, Donald Trump, that carnival barker in the Republican party...(CHEERING) (APPLAUSE)

(COOPER & OMALLEY) OMALLEY: Tried to mischaracterize it as free tuition for illegal immigrants. But, we took our case to the people when it was petitioned to referendum, and we won with 58 percent of the vote. The more our children learn, the more they will earn, and thats true of children who have yet to be naturalized...COOPER: ...Senator...OMALLEY: ...but will become American citizens...

(CHAFEE) Certainly, ending the wars. Weve got to stop these wars. You have to have a new dynamic, a new paradigm. We just spent a half-billion dollars arming and training soldiers, the rebel soldiers in Syria. They quickly join the other side. We bombed the...(CROSSTALK)

(OMALLEY) I would follow through on the promise that the American people thought we made as Democratic Party, to protect the Main Street economy from recklessness on Wall Street.

(COOPER) Secretary Clinton, how would you not be a third term of President Obama?

(CLINTON) Well, I think thats pretty obvious. I think being the first woman president would be quite a change from the presidents weve had up until this point, including President Obama.

(SANDERS) But heres where I do disagree. I believe that the power of corporate America, the power of Wall Street, the power of the drug companies, the power of the corporate media is so great that the only way we really transform America and do the things that the middle class and working class desperately need is through a political revolution when millions of people begin to come together and stand up and say: Our government is going to work for all of us, not just a handful of billionaires.(APPLAUSE)

(WEBB) I got a great deal of admiration and affection for Senator Sanders, but I -- Bernie, I dont think the revolutions going to come. And I dont think the Congress is going to pay for a lot of this stuff. And if there would be a major difference between my administration and the Obama administration, it would be in the use of executive authority.

(CLINTON) Well, I cant think of anything more of an outsider than electing the first woman president, but Im not just running because I would be the first woman president.(APPLAUSE)

(CLINTON) Well, that -- thats exactly what Ive been doing. When we met in Copenhagen in 2009 and, literally, President Obama and I were hunting for the Chinese, going throughout this huge convention center, because we knew we had to get them to agree to something. Because there will be no effective efforts against climate change unless China and India join with the rest of the world.

(CLINTON & BASH) CLINTON: Mm-hmm.BASH: Carly Fiorina, the first female CEO of a Fortune 50 company, argues, if the government requires paid leave, it will force small businesses to, quote, hire fewer people and create fewer jobs.

(CLINTON) Well, but all -- well, on a state level, a state as big as many countries in the world. And it has not had the ill effects that the Republicans are always saying it will have. And I think this is -- this is typical Republican scare tactics. We can design a system and pay for it that does not put the burden on small businesses.

(BASH) But Secretary -- Secretary Clinton, even many people who agree with you might say, look, this is very hard to do, especially in todays day and age. There are so many people who say, Really? Another government program? Is that what youre proposing? And at the expense of taxpayer money?

(CLINTON) Well, look, you know, when people say that -- its always the Republicans or their sympathizers who say, You cant have paid leave, you cant provide health care.

(CLINTON) They dont mind having big government to interfere with a womans right to choose and to try to take down Planned Parenthood. Theyre fine with big government when it comes to that. Im sick of it.(APPLAUSE)You know, we can do these things.(APPLAUSE)

(CLINTON) We should not be paralyzed -- we should not be paralyzed by the Republicans and their constant refrain, big government this, big government that, that except for what they want to impose on the American people. I know we can afford it, because were going to make the wealthy pay for it. That is the way to get it done.

(COOPER) Thank you. Senator Sanders?

(SANDERS) Yeah, Dana, heres the point: Every other major country on Earth, every one, including some small countries, say that when a mother has a baby, she should stay home with that baby. We are the only major country. That is an international embarrassment that we do not provide family -- paid family and medical leave.(APPLAUSE)

(OMALLEY) My wife, Katie, is here with our four kids. And, man, that was a juggle when we had little kids and -- and keeping jobs and moving forwards. We would be a stronger nation economically if we had paid family leave.

(COOPER) Governor Chafee, Franklin Delano Roosevelt once said, I ask you to judge me by the enemies I have made. Youve all made a few people upset over your political careers. Which enemy are you most proud of?(LAUGHTER)

(CHAFEE) I guess the coal lobby. Ive worked hard for climate change and I want to work with the coal lobby. But in my time in the Senate, tried to bring them to the table so that we could address carbon dioxide. Im proud to be at odds with the coal lobby.

(COOPER & OMALLEY) COOPER: Governor OMALLEY?OMALLEY: The National Rifle Association.(APPLAUSE)

(COOPER & CLINTON) COOPER: Secretary Clinton?CLINTON: Well, in addition to the NRA, the health insurance companies, the drug companies, the Iranians.(LAUGHTER)

(CLINTON) Probably the Republicans. (LAUGHTER)(APPLAUSE)

(COOPER & SANDERS) COOPER: Senator Sanders?SANDERS: As someone who has taken on probably every special interest that there is in Washington, I would lump Wall Street and the pharmaceutical industry at the top of my life of people who do not like me.(APPLAUSE)

(COOPER & WEBB) COOPER: Senator Webb?WEBB: Id have to say the enemy soldier that threw the grenade that wounded me, but hes not around right now to talk to.

(OMALLEY) On this stage -- on this stage, you didnt hear anyone denigrate women, you didnt hear anyone make racist comments about new American immigrants, you didnt hear anyone speak ill of another American because of their religious belief.

(SANDERS) Now, at the end of our day, here is the truth that very few candidates will say, is that nobody up here, certainly no Republican, can address the major crises facing our country unless millions of people begin to stand up to the billionaire class that has so much power over our economy and our political life.

(CLINTON) Americas been knocked down. That Great Recession, 9 million people lost their jobs, 5 million lost their homes, $13 trillion in wealth disappeared. And although weve made progress, were standing but not running the way America needs to.

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